The Grand Council Treaty #3 existed in the territory of the Anishinaabe Nation which was key to Canadian Confederation — the British who wanted to plan a route between Fort Garry and Fort William (now Thunder Bay, Ontario and Winnipeg, MB). In fact, our treaty was planned to be the first post-Confederation treaty, but the Anishinaabe held firm to their position that they would not cede lands nor allow farming or settlement in their territory. On October 3, 1873, the 55,000 square miles of territory agreed to be shared between the Anishinaabe and the British, had their representatives sign Treaty #3, the Chiefs negotiated, among other things, that their “business” would be allowed within the entire territory and that both the lands and resources would be shared between them as “brothers.”